Frequency and causes of amblyopia in children visting an eye O.P.D of tertiary care hospital
Madiha Jawaid, Mazhar ul Hassan, Saba Alkhairy, Asad Azeem, Farnaz Siddiqui, Muhammad Nizamuddin
Purpose: To evaluate the frequency and causes of amblyopia in children in eye O.P.D of tertiary care hospital Dow University Hospital. Patients and Methods: This was a cross sectional study in which total number of 500 patients, aged 5 to 18 years who came in eye O.P.D in between jan 2018 till dec 2018 were studied. After informed consent they all underwent detailed eye examination including refraction, slit lamp examination and fundoscopy. Visual acuity was assessed by snellen’s chart and after cycloplegic refraction, best corrected visual acuity came out to be less than or equal to 6/12 in any eye without any other abnormality were defined as being amblyopic. Result: Total of 500 cases, 44 came out to be amblyopic (8.8%). There was no significant association between genders and p value is 0.222%. Most of the amblyopia is found in bilateral eyes 52.3% while unilateral was seen in 47.7% subjects and the most common cause of amblyopia came out to be anisometropic amblyopia 27.3%, than high hypemetropia is on second 25.0%. Deprivation amblyopia 18.2%, astigmatic amblyopia 15.9% and least common cause being myopia 13.6%. Conclusion: With high prevalence of amblyopia in our society, it is imperative to take measures for early screening and appropriate treatment plans in amblyopic children.